Rough spots can indicate skin cancer

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To prevent skin cancer, check the skin regularly for rough spots and calluses

Skin cancer has many faces. Rough spots, hardening and calluses can already be a preliminary stage of malignant tumors. Experts therefore advise you to regularly check the skin for anomalies and to consult a dermatologist if you are uncertain. The earlier skin cancer is recognized, the greater the chances of recovery.

Actinic keratosis can be a precursor to skin cancer. If flaky, hardened, rough or red skin is the result of too much UV radiation, this can be a so-called actinic keratosis. As the European Skin Cancer Foundation (ESCF) announces on the occasion of its nationwide awareness campaign "Don't be roasted: safely through the sun", in about ten percent of cases, skin cancer from the skin anomaly develops. This type of cancer is newly diagnosed in Germany every year in more than 200,000 people. Light skin cancer mainly occurs on skin areas that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, ears or décolleté. Fortunately, the chances of a cure are good with timely treatment. "The death rate has not increased as drastically as the increasing number of skin cancers feared," said Professor Matthias Augustin, DDG representative. "All forms of skin cancer that are recognized at an early stage have a high chance of recovery."

According to the foundation, professional groups who often work in the fresh air have a particularly high risk of light skin cancer. "Employees who have been working outside for many years in Germany have an average risk of around 100 percent higher than that of the rest of the population for the development of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma," explained Professor Thomas Diepgen, Medical Director of the Clinical Social Medicine Department at Heidelberg University Hospital. "Occupational groups from agriculture and forestry, fishing and seafaring, construction and crafts, road workers, lifeguards, jobs in the mountains and work in southern countries are particularly at risk."
The ESCF advises to regularly check the skin for changes and to see a dermatologist in the event of abnormalities. From the age of 35, statutory health insurers are also entitled to free skin cancer screening every two years.

With sun protection skin cancer prevention The foundation advises that the skin should be protected from the sun from early childhood. "Unfortunately, we are still not giving enough thought to how often we expose ourselves to the sun without protection," said Professor Eggert Stockfleth, Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the ESCF. "The dose makes the poison. Sun protection must therefore be as natural to people as brushing their teeth every day. ”Especially at lunchtime, the sun should be avoided and the skin covered with protective clothing. In addition, sunscreen with a high sun protection factor should always be applied in summer before going outdoors. (ag)

Image: Rainer Sturm /

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