Link between depression and diabetes

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Antidepressants favor diabetes in depression patients

Depression and diabetes are often interdependent. Around every eighth diabetes patient suffers from depression and vice versa, depressed people have a 30 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, the graduate psychologist Dr. Bernhard Kulzer at a pre-press conference for the Diabetes Congress 2012.

The latest findings on the interplay between depression and diabetes are one of the main topics of the 47th annual conference of the German Diabetes Society (DDG) in Stuttgart. It is known that diabetes is a risk factor for depression and that depression in turn can trigger diabetes, said Dr. Kulzer, Chairman of the Diabetes and Psychology Working Group of the German Diabetes Association and Managing Director of the Research Institute of the Diabetes Academy Bad Mergentheim prior to the Diabetes Congress 2012.

Reduced quality of life as a trigger for depression As part of the annual DDG conference, the experts also investigate the causes of the relationship between the risk of diabetes and depression. It is no coincidence that every eighth person with diabetes (just under 13 percent) suffers from depression and that, according to the researchers, about 20 percent are more depressed. There are also reasons why depression patients are at a 30 percent increased risk of type 2 diabetes, explained Dr. Kulzer. According to the experts, the risk of depression increases for diabetes patients, since life with the so-called diabetes can be a serious emotional burden. Because according to Dr. Kulzer has a clearly "reduced quality of life." Conversely, depression can have a negative impact on the metabolism, which means that depression patients with healthy metabolism develop type 2 diabetes relatively often.

Depression causes and aggravates diabetes According to the experts, the decision to develop diabetes in depressed patients is often to take antidepressants, which can cause significant weight gain and a reduced response of the body's cells to insulin or insulin resistance. In addition, the psychological stress in people with diabetes through the continuous activation of the stress axis leads to inflammatory processes in the vessels, which are particularly at risk in diabetics. This significantly increases the risk of secondary diseases in diabetes patients due to depression, explained Dr. “In order to avoid bad blood sugar levels and complications in people with diabetes, it is important,” according to the expert, “to recognize and treat both increased depression and depression early on”

Dismantling Diabetes Research? At the Diabetes Congress 2012, diabetologists, psychologists and other experts from 16 to 19 May in Stuttgart discuss and inform about the latest findings in diabetes research. In advance, Andreas Fritsche, spokesman for the German Diabetes Society, also criticized the development in the field of diabetes research, because the number of professorships with a focus on diabetes has been halved in the past decade to currently less than ten in Germany and the renowned diabetes research institute in Munich has also its gates closed. Furthermore, the contact and research opportunities for the doctors in the clinics have been reduced, since patients are now more often treated on an outpatient basis and no longer inpatient, Fritsche explained, adding: Today there are hardly any diabetes departments at the hospitals anymore. Although the needs of the seven million people who, according to the initiators of the congress in Germany suffer from diagnosed diabetes, seem to be there. Especially since, according to the experts, there are another three million sufferers who live with the disease without knowing about it. (fp)

Also read the topics of diabetes and depression:
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What to do about postnatal depression
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Why does sport help with diabetes?

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